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President BARACK OBAMA

THE FIRST BLACK PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAN FOR TWO TERMS

 

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BARACK OBAMA

 

 

Barack Obama age 52 is the 44th President of the United States of American, The First Black Elected Leader of the Americas.

He was born on August 4, 1961 in Honolulu Hawaii  to Barack Obama Sr.  from Rachuonyo District, Kenya Colony, His mother Ann Durham (11-29-1942 to 11-7-1995),  was an American anthropologist who specialized in economic anthropology.   His grand mother Madelyn Lee Payne Durham (10-26-1922 to 11-02-2008) her and her husband Stanlley Armour Durham raised Obama from the age of ten in their Honolulu Hawaii apartment . during his winning election on November 2, 2008 his grandmother passed away she died two days before he was elected.

 

In 1963 His mother met Lolo Soetoro an Indonesian  graduate student in geography at the University of Hawaii and the couple married.

Barack Obama’s Education  early years was in Indonesia and the United States. Following his parents’ divorce in 1964, he and his mother who later married Indonesian student, Lolo Soetoro left Hawaii and moved to the island nation of Indonesia in 1967.

He attended local Jakarta schools  in Indonesia  St. Francis of Assisi School, and the Besuki Public School. He returned to Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1971 and was admitted into the Punahou School from the 5th grade until his high school for the year of 1979 graduation

Obama moved to Los Angeles in 1979 to attend Occidental College. February 1981, he made his first public speech, calling for Occidental to divest from South Africa in response to its apartheid policy.  In mid-1981, Obama traveled to Indonesia to visit his mother and half-sister Maya, and visited the families of college friends in Pakistan and India for three weeks.

1981, he transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a major specialty in international relations.  He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1983. He worked for a year at the Business International Corporation and  then at the New York Public Interest Research Group. , He later moved to Los Angeles, He was enrolled at Occidental College in 1979. Two years later, Obama joined New York City’s, Columbia University in 1981, majoring in political science with international relations as his specialization.

In 1983, Barack graduated with a B.A. degree. In late 1988, Obama attended the Harvard Law School where he graduated with a J.D. (Juris Doctor) magna cum laude in 1991, and then returned to Chicago.

Two years after graduating, Obama was hired in Chicago as director of the Developing Communities Project a church-based community organization originally comprising of a few Catholic parishes in  Chicago’s  south side.  There He worked t as a community organizer from 6-85 to 5-881985 to May 1988He helped set up a job training program, a college preparatory tutoring program, and a tenants’ rights organization in.  Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundational community organizing institute. In mid-1988,  He returned to Kenya in 1992 with his fiancée Michelle and his half-sister Auma. He returned to Kenya in August 2006 for a visit to his father’s birthplace, a village near Kisumu in rural western Kenya.[

In late 1988, Obama entered Harvard  Law School. He was selected as an editor of the Harvard Law Review at the end of his first year, and  president of the journal in his second year.During his summers, he returned to Chicago, where he worked as an associate at the law firms of Sidley Austin in 1989 and Hopkins and Sutter in 1990.After graduating with a J.D. Magna Cum Laude from Harvard in 1991, he returned to Chicago. Obama’s election as the First Black President of the Harvard Law Review gained national media attention[and led to a publishing contract and advance for a book about race relations, which evolved into a personal memoir.  Dreams From My Father was by Obama was published in 1995.

Obama was elected to the Illinois Senate  in 1996, succeeding State Senator Alice Palmer as Senator from Illinois’s 13th District, which at that time spanned Chicago South Side neighborhoods from Hyde Park Kenwood south to South Shore and west to Chicago Lawn Once elected, Obama gained bipartisan support for legislation that reformed ethics and health care laws. He sponsored a law that increased tax credits for low-income workers, negotiated welfare reform, and promoted increased subsidies for childcare.

In 2001, as co-chairman of the bipartisan Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, Obama supported Republican Governor Ryan’s pay day regulations and predatory mortgage lending regulations aimed at averting home foreclosures.

Obama was reelected to the Illinois Senate in 1998, defeating Republican Yesse Yehudah in the general election, and was reelected again in 2002 .

In January 2003, Obama became chairman of the Illinois Senate’s Health and Human Services Committee when Democrats, after a decade in the minority, regained a majority. He sponsored and led unanimous, bipartisan passage of legislation to monitor racial profiling by requiring police to record the race of drivers they detained, and legislation making Illinois the first state to mandate videotaping of homicide interrogations.

During his 2004 general election campaign for U.S. Senate, police representatives credited Obama for his active engagement with police organizations in enacting  death penalty reforms. Obama resigned from the Illinois Senate in November 2004 following his election to the U.S. Senate.

Obama commissioned a poll to assess his prospects in a 2004 U.S. Senate race In May 2002. He created a campaign committee, began raising funds, and lined up political media consultant David Axelrod by August 2002. Obama formally announced his candidacy in January 2003.

Obama was an early opponent of the Bush administration’s2003 war invasion of Iraq.  He addressed another anti-war rally in March 2003 and told the crowd that “it’s not too late” to stop the war.

In the March 2004 primary election, Obama won in an unexpected landslide due to the Decisions by Republican incumbent Peter Fitzgerald and his Democratic predecessor Carol Moseley Braun to not participate in the election resulted in wide-open Democratic and Republican primary contests involving fifteen candidates. Due to that decision —which overnight made Obama a rising star within the NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY and started  the speculation about a presidential future, and led to the reissue of his memoir titled Dreams From My Father.

 Obama delivered the keynote address at the 2004 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION In July 2004, Which was seen by 9.1 million viewers. His speech was well received and elevated his status within the Democratic Party.[

Obama’s expected opponent in the general election, Republican primary winner Jack Ryan withdrew from the race in June 2004. Six weeks later  to replace Ryan Alan Keyes accepted the Republican nomination. November 2004 general election Obama won with overall votes of 70 percent of the voters.

Obama was sworn in as senator on January 3, 2005 the only Senate member of the Congressional Black Caucus. Obama announced on November 13, 2008 that he would resign his senate seat on November 16, 2008 before the start of the focus on his transition for the president of the United States Campaign.

On February 10, 2007, Obama announced his candidacy for President of the United States in front of the Old State Capitol building in Springfield He emphasized issues of rapidly ending the Iraq war increasing and providing universal health care for everyone in his known to date first campaign of CHANGE.

The field narrowed to a debate between Obama and Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton after early contests, with the race remaining close throughout the primary process but with Obama gaining a steady lead in pledged delegates due to long term planning, superior fundraising, dominant organizing in caucus states, and better exploitation of delegate allocation rules.

On June 7, 2008, Clinton ended her campaign and endorsed Obama for the US Presidency.

On August 23, Obama announced his selection of Senator Joe Biden of Delaware as his vice presidential running mate. During the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado,  Senator Hillary Clinton called for her supporters to endorse Obama,

Obama delivered his acceptance speech, not at the center where the Democratic National Convention was held, but at  Invensco Field at Mile High to a crowd of over 75,000 the speech was viewed by over 38 million people worldwide.

During both the primary process and the general election, Obama’s campaign set numerous fundraising records, particularly in the quantity of small donations. On June 19, 2008, Obama became the FIRST MAJOR PARTY presidential candidate to turn down public financing  in the general election since the system was created in 1976.

John McCain was nominated as the Republican candidate and the two engaged in three debates for the presidency in September and October 2008. On November 4, Obama won the presidency with 365 votes to 173 received by McCain  Obama won 52.9 percent of the  popular vote to McCain’s 45 percent  He became the first African American to be elected president  Obama delivered his victory speech before hundreds of thousands of supporters in Chicago’s  Grant Park.

 

 

President Obama On April 4, 2011 announced his re-election campaign for 2012 in a video titled “It Begins with Us”

That video  he posted on his website and filed election papers with the Federal Election Commission  As the incumbent president he ran virtually unopposed in the Democratic Party Presidential primaries and on April 3, 2012, Obama had secured the 2778  convention delegates needed to win the

Former President Bill Clinton formally nominated Obama and Joe Biden as the Democratic Party candidates for president and vice president in the genera During the National Democrat Convention in  Charlotte, North Carolina.

On November 6, 2012, Obama won 332 electoral votes surpassing the 270 votes required for him to be re-elected as president.  With more than 51 percent  of the popular vote,Obama became the first Democratic president since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win the  vote twice President Obama addressed supporters and volunteers at Chicago’s McCormick Place after his reelection and said: “Tonight you voted for action, not politics as usual. You elected us to focus on your jobs, not ours. And in the coming weeks and months, I am looking forward to reaching out and working with leaders of both parties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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