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Jose Julian Acosta

February 16 ,1825 – August 26, 1891

Jose Julian Acosta. Was born Wednesday February 16 ,1825 In San Juan Puerto Rico.
   He was a leading journalist and a major  leader of the Puerto Rican  slavery abolishment movement in Puerto Rico.


He received his primary and secondary education from Rafael Cordero.


 In the years of 1865- 1867, he was a member of the Puerto Rican commission.

 The commission advocated for the abolition of slavery and political reforms at the local level. In  which  he participated in the Junta Informativa de Reformas de Ultramar (Overseas Reforms Informative Board) which met in Madrid Spain. There Acosta presented the argument for the abolition of slavery in Puerto Rico.

That same year, while  in Madrid, He  was made a member of the Spanish Royal Academy of History, for his work in the editing of Fray Iñigo Abbad y Lasierra’s Historia geografica, civil y natural de la isla de San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico. (Geographic, Civil, and Natural History of the Island of St. John the Baptist of Puerto Rico)

Upon returning to the Island, Acosta, like many other Puerto Ricans with liberal views, was harshly mistreated by the Spanish governor.

 After the Grito de Lares (Cry of Lares) revolt in 1868, he was suspected of being a conspirator and was imprisoned in the dungeons of Fort San Felipe del Morro by General Pavia, even though he had not participated in the failed revolt. Acosta later published a pamphlet entitled “Horas de Prisión” describing his complete experiences in prison.



On November, 1870, he became a leading member of the Liberal Reformist Party. He also collaborated to the foundation of “El Progreso” (Progress) newspaper, of which he was editor.


In 1871 he became an elected representative to the Spanish Courts.


In 1873, he became the president of the Liberal Reformist Party. He died on August 26, 1891 in San Juan.


Source: Puerto Rico Historia



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